What is trauma? Does it mean the same thing as “injury”?

An injury is anything that causes harm to the body. An injury can come from outside or inside the body. For example, a heart attack or a stroke is caused by something on the inside of the body. They are injuries with an internal cause. These internal injuries are not trauma.

A broken leg is caused by an outside force. A broken leg is trauma. Outside forces are external. Here are some examples of external causes of injury that result in trauma:

      • Crashing your car
      • Falling down the stairs
      • Fist fight
      • Gunshot wounds
      • Stabbing

The external forces come from outside of the body and they cause traumatic injuries to the body. This is what we mean by trauma.